While the lawyers consider whether to appeal Hani travels into Lobatse, Bechualand (Botswana) to attend an ANC conference.
May, Hani begins his journey into exile first traveling to Soweto where he stays with a family sympathetic to the struggle.
They lose their jobs after protesting against the introduction of Bantu Education.
Enrols at Lovedale Institute in the Eastern Cape; becomes a member of the Unity Movement’s Society of Young Africa (SOYA) for six months; joins the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL), citing the arrest of African National Congress (ANC) leaders in the Treason Trial of 1956 as his main motivation for joining the ANCYL and taking an active role in the liberation struggle.5 February, Registers at the University of Fort Hare in Alice, Eastern Cape; becomes openly involved in the struggle; is exposed to Marxist ideas and scope and nature of the racist capitalist system, leading to his conversation to Marxist.
A few weeks later the group leave for Bechualand and then to Northern Rhodesia (Zambia).
However, on reaching Lusaka Hani, along with the rest of the group, is arrested.
He had served previously as ICTJ’s Director of Middle East and North Africa from 2003-2006. Megally was the Executive Director for the Middle East and North Africa for Human Rights Watch from 1997-2003.
He also headed Amnesty International’s programs in the Middle East from 1984 to 1993 and served as their researcher in the region from 1977 until 1984. Megally holds a Bachelor’s degree in Middle Eastern History and Politics from the University of London School of Oriental and African Studies.
Fortunately Hani was not at home at the time of the attack.
As a result the family decides to move closer to the centre of Maseru to Kuena Flats where many MK and ANC leaders stay.9 December, Kuane Flats, home of many ANC representatives, is raided by South African security police as part of Operation Lebanta.
Afterwards it is reported tat 30 ANC members along with 12 women 12 civilians including women and children are killed.
As part of an operation to infiltrate South Africa from Lesotho, Hani walks across the border of Botswana into Zeerust on his way to Johannesburg to set up small underground cells. Relocates to Lesotho - remains there for seven years, leading the Lesotho ANC and MK machinery responsible for organising units of MK for guerrilla operation in South Africa; co –opted onto the ANC National Executive Committee (NEC)Hani, along with Lambert Moloi, is arrested in Maseru and detained under the 60-day detention law and is badly tortured by the Lesotho security force.
A letter from Oliver Tambo eventually secures their release.